Threatened cuts to visa program could harm North Shore resorts
Sep 22, 2017 07:32AM
TWO HARBORS, Minn. — Most of the time the North Shore of Lake Superior feels far removed from the heated immigration debates raging in other parts of the U.S., but local resorts and the tourism industry are increasingly concerned about reports coming out of Washington about the J-1 visa program.
The Trump administration is reviewing the J-1 visa program for significant reductions or even elimination, according to a recent Wall Street Journal report. The report said the State Department was recently directed to rewrite regulations that could significantly reduce or eliminate the J-1 program.
The program, which allows up to 300,000 individuals to "participate in work- and study-based programs," according to the State Department website, is being reviewed for its impact on the national workforce after the "Buy American, Hire American" executive order was signed by President Donald Trump in April.
J-1 visas allow participants to live and work in the U.S. for up to a year as part of an educational program. Local resorts use the visas to hire foreign-born workers as they prepare for a career in hospitality and get a feel for the industry in the U.S. Students typically start out as part of the housekeeping, groundskeeping or kitchen staff, with many rotating through several departments that also include guest services to get a better overall sense of working for a resort. Visas also allow resorts to get a good estimate for how many staff members they will have for a certain period of time and allows them to make plans based on those numbers.
"We rely very heavily on the workers that come under that visa," said Kelley Sparrow, Odyssey Development human resources manager. "Without them, we would have significant issues operating. They work in departments and in positions that are hard to recruit for and fill, and we can count on them and rely on knowing that we have 15 people on this date and they will be employed with us for this amount of time."
Odyssey owns and operates seven resorts along the North Shore from Duluth to Grand Marais. Lake County Commissioner Peter Walsh recently brought up the issue at a Lake County Board of Commissioners meeting and said up to 60 percent of staff at North Shore resorts could be affected by the program. The Cook County Chamber of Commerce Board of Directors recently passed a resolution asking Democratic Sens. Amy Klobuchar and Al Franken and Democratic Rep. Rick Nolan to do all they can to protect or even expand the program, and Walsh is trying to gage support for a similar resolution by the Lake County board.
Odyssey interns, or J-1 visa employees working for the company less than a year, often start in the kitchen or housekeeping, Sparrow said. However, the company tries to provide a breadth of experience and many times interns will also build strong customer service skills and even begin to grow within the company.
Sai Bezawada arrived in 2002 for an internship, but quickly grew within the organization to become general manager of Grand Superior Lodge in Castle Danger and was eventually named vice president of operations, overseeing the day-to-day operations of all the Odyssey resorts.
Bezawada grew up in Nellore on the Bay of Bengal coast of India and studied hospitality in Switzerland. He had an internship lined up following school, but the 9/11 terrorist attacks the year before threw his plans into flux. He learned about the J-1 program and began the application process to come to Minnesota's North Shore.
Bezawada said he grew up in Nellore, a "small town," with a population of more than 600,000 people. By August 2002, he was living and working at Caribou Highlands Lodge in Lutsen, Minn., population 190.
At the time, J-1 visas allowed workers to stay in the U.S. for 18 months at a time. Toward the end of the period, Bezawada decided to apply again because he had made some good friends and enjoyed the lifestyle on the North Shore. It was a gamble because Odyssey wasn't quite as well-established as it is today.
"It seemed to me that this area didn't have a big enough labor pool," Bezawada said. "I felt that maybe this was an opportunity for me to continue to grow my career and a way to capitalize on the opportunities I had."
The length of the visas allows students to get some real world work experience as well as experience life in the U.S.
"I think the J-1 provides an easier route for people to get into this country, to find opportunities or even just culturally, to find out what the U.S. is all about for a short period of time," Bezawada said. "It's a very good program to do that, it's not as extensive and complex as other visa programs. It gives you enough time to evaluate your options to see if this is something that you really enjoy being here and maybe I should explore other options to extend my visa."
Bezawada and Sparrow said if the program is reduced or eliminated, it won't take long for guests to notice the effects. Guests would see longer check-in lines, more hastily cleaned rooms and a reduction in resort amenities.
Bezawada said even reducing the duration of the J-1 visa from 18 months to one year is a "big mistake" and reducing or eliminating the program would be disastrous.
"I think, given the demographics and the reality of the population and where we are, some of these big resorts will absolutely suffer," he said. "We are so dependent on this program to get seasonal staff during the summer months. If you don't have staff during that time, I can see services at these resorts being vastly reduced because they won't have enough staff to keep up with operations, without question."