Fun Stuff

tabula rasa

Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day - Sun, 04/13/2014 - 1:00am

Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for April 13, 2014 is:

tabula rasa • \TAB-yuh-luh-RAH-zuh\  • noun
1 : the mind in its hypothetical primary blank or empty state before receiving outside impressions 2 : something existing in its original pristine state

Examples:
"In those pioneering days, I was something of a tabula rasa in the kitchen, unless you count my knack for toasting a flawless Pop-Tart." — From an article by Andy Borowitz in Food & Wine, June 2003

"When city officials began handing out development contracts in the 1980s, there was no urban context to go by. It was as close as a city gets to tabula rasa: two square mile of parking lots, vacant warehouses and abandoned railroad tracks." — From an article by Matt Chaban in the New York Daily News, March 7, 2014

Did you know?
Philosophers have been arguing that babies are born with minds that are essentially blank slates since the days of Aristotle. (Later, some psychologists took up the case as well.) English speakers have called that initial state of mental blankness "tabula rasa" (a term taken from a Latin phrase that translates as "smooth or erased tablet") since the 16th century, but it wasn't until British philosopher John Locke championed the concept in his Essay Concerning Human Understanding in 1690 that the term gained widespread popularity in our language. In later years, a figurative sense of the term emerged, referring to something that exists in its original state and that has yet to be altered by outside forces.

Categories: Fun Stuff

April 13, 1997: Tiger Woods wins first major

This Day in History - Sat, 04/12/2014 - 11:00pm

On this day in 1997, 21-year-old Tiger Woods wins the prestigious Masters Tournament by a record 12 strokes in Augusta, Georgia. It was Woods' first victory in one of golf's four major championships–the U.S. Open, the British Open, the PGA Championship, and the Masters–and the greatest performance by a professional golfer in more than a century.

Eldrick "Tiger" Woods was born in a suburb of Los Angeles, California, on December 30, 1975. The only child of an African-American father and a Thai mother, Woods was encouraged from infancy by his father for a career in golf. At the age of two, he teed off against comedian Bob Hope on television's Mike Douglas Show. At five years old, he was featured on the television show That's Incredible. At age eight, Tiger won his first junior world championship, and in 1991, at age 15, he became the youngest player ever to win the U.S. Junior Amateur Championship. He also captured the 1992 and 1993 Junior Amateur titles, and in 1994 accepted a scholarship to attend Stanford University. That year, he came from six holes behind to win the first of his three consecutive U.S. Amateur championships. He was 18 years old and the youngest Amateur champion in history.

In 1995, Tiger played the Masters, his first professional major championship. The Augusta National Golf Club, which runs the Masters, had not let an African-American join its ranks until 1991. Woods finished 41st in his first Masters appearance. In 1996, he won the collegiate title. By this time, he was already attracting considerable media attention and attracting throngs of new fans to the sport. After claiming his third U.S. Amateur title, Woods left college and turned professional in August 1996. Playing as a pro in eight Professional Golfers' Association (PGA) events in 1996, he won a title and was named the PGA Tour's outstanding rookie. In December 1996, he was celebrated by the magazine Sports Illustrated as its "Sportsman of the Year."

In professional play, most of Woods' opponents were in their late 30s or early 40s. At 6'2" and 155 pounds, he was slender and athletic, and had developed a devastating swing that routinely allowed him to hit drives of more than 300 yards. He also had a reputation for mental toughness and was a superb putter and chipper. In April 1997, all these attributes came together for the most decisive victory in the Masters' 44-year history.

His margin of victory–12 strokes–was the largest in the 20th century, and second only to Old Tom Morris' 13-shot margin at the 1862 British Open. His score of 18-under-par 270 broke Jack Nicklaus' 32-year-old Masters record of 17-under-par 271. He was the youngest golfer by two years to win the Masters and the first person of Asian or African heritage to win a major. Never before had so many spectators come to Augusta National, and never before had so many people watched it on television.

By June 1997, Tiger was ranked number one in the world. In 1999, he won eight PGA tournaments, earned a record $6 million, and began a winning streak that eventually tied Ben Hogan's 1948 streak, the second longest in PGA history. In June 2000, he won his first U.S. Open title, shooting a record 12-under-par 272 to finish 15 strokes ahead of his nearest competitors. It was the greatest professional golf performance in history, surpassing even his 1997 Masters' triumph and Old Tom Morris' 1862 showing. In July 2000, he captured the British Open, and in August the PGA championship. At the age of 24, he was the youngest player ever to win all four major golf titles and just the second to win three majors in a year. On April 10, 2005, he earned his fourth green sport coat at Augusta National, becoming the first person to win four Masters before age 30.

Tiger’s winning pace slowed around 2004, when he devoted time to reworking his swing and rehabilitating his surgically repaired knee. It was also during this period that he married Elin Nordegren, a Swedish former model who would become the mother of his two children. Tiger was back in top form by 2005, winning his 10th major. His performance fluctuated throughout the rest of the decade as he struggled with a torn ACL and personal problems that garnered substantial media attention: In late 2009, in the wake of events surrounding a car accident outside Tiger’s Florida home, several women came forward claiming to have had affairs with the famous golfer. Nordegren divorced him in August 2010, just as Tiger began his first winless season in his career.

Categories: Fun Stuff

Daily Puzzle - April 12

BrainBashers - Easy Sudoku - Sat, 04/12/2014 - 7:55pm
BrainBashers Daily Puzzle

Five girls took part in a race.

Alison finished before Bunty but behind Clare. Debby finished before Emma but behind Bunty.

What was the finishing order?

Categories: Fun Stuff

Daily Sudoku - April 12 - Easy

BrainBashers - Easy Sudoku - Sat, 04/12/2014 - 7:55pm
BrainBashers Daily Sudoku



Complete the grid such that every row, every column, and the nine 3x3 blocks contain the digits from 1 to 9.

[Copyright: Kevin Stone]

Categories: Fun Stuff

Daily Game - April 12

BrainBashers - Easy Sudoku - Sat, 04/12/2014 - 7:55pm
BrainBashers Daily Game

Bounce
   Can you capture 75% of the playing area?
[Played on the BrainBashers Games website]

Categories: Fun Stuff

Seth MacFarlane

Quotes of the Day - Sat, 04/12/2014 - 7:00pm
"The two symbols of the Republican Party: an elephant, and a big fat white guy who is threatened by change."
Categories: Fun Stuff

Indira Gandhi

Quotes of the Day - Sat, 04/12/2014 - 7:00pm
"You cannot shake hands with a clenched fist."
Categories: Fun Stuff

Laurence J. Peter

Quotes of the Day - Sat, 04/12/2014 - 7:00pm
"Competence, like truth, beauty and contact lenses, is in the eye of the beholder."
Categories: Fun Stuff

Jerome K. Jerome

Quotes of the Day - Sat, 04/12/2014 - 7:00pm
"It is always the best policy to speak the truth--unless, of course, you are an exceptionally good liar."
Categories: Fun Stuff

recondite

Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day - Sat, 04/12/2014 - 1:00am

Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for April 12, 2014 is:

recondite • \REK-un-dyte\  • adjective
1 : hidden from sight : concealed 2 : difficult or impossible for one of ordinary understanding or knowledge to comprehend : deep 3 : of, relating to, or dealing with something little known or obscure

Examples:
"We hear from mathematicians that bees have practically solved a recondite problem, and have made their cells of the proper shape to hold the greatest possible amount of honey, with the least possible consumption of precious wax in their construction." — From Charles Darwin's 1859 book On the Origin of Species

"The week after Michelle Obama went on Jimmy Fallon's 'Late Night' show to present the recondite art of Mom Dancing, her segment doomed Jay Leno in Fallon's favor." — From an article by Jeff Simon in The Buffalo News (New York), December 29, 2013

Did you know?
While "recondite" may be used to describe something difficult to understand, there is nothing recondite about the word's history. It dates to the early 1600s, when it was coined from the synonymous Latin word "reconditus." "Recondite" is one of those underused but useful words that's always a boon to one's vocabulary, but take off the "re-" and you get something very obscure: "condite" is an obsolete verb meaning both "to pickle or preserve" and "to embalm." If we add the prefix "in-" to "condite" we get "incondite," which means "badly put together," as in "incondite prose." All three words have Latin "condere" at their root; that verb is translated variously as "to put or bring together," "to put up, store," and "to conceal."

Categories: Fun Stuff

April 12, 1861: The Civil War begins

This Day in History - Fri, 04/11/2014 - 11:00pm

The bloodiest four years in American history begin when Confederate shore batteries under General P.G.T. Beauregard open fire on Union-held Fort Sumter in South Carolina's Charleston Bay. During the next 34 hours, 50 Confederate guns and mortars launched more than 4,000 rounds at the poorly supplied fort. On April 13, U.S. Major Robert Anderson surrendered the fort. Two days later, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation calling for 75,000 volunteer soldiers to quell the Southern "insurrection."

As early as 1858, the ongoing conflict between North and South over the issue of slavery had led Southern leadership to discuss a unified separation from the United States. By 1860, the majority of the slave states were publicly threatening secession if the Republicans, the anti-slavery party, won the presidency. Following Republican Abraham Lincoln's victory over the divided Democratic Party in November 1860, South Carolina immediately initiated secession proceedings. On December 20, the South Carolina legislature passed the "Ordinance of Secession," which declared that "the Union now subsisting between South Carolina and other states, under the name of the United States of America, is hereby dissolved." After the declaration, South Carolina set about seizing forts, arsenals, and other strategic locations within the state. Within six weeks, five more Southern states--Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana--had followed South Carolina's lead.

In February 1861, delegates from those states convened to establish a unified government. Jefferson Davis of Mississippi was subsequently elected the first president of the Confederate States of America. When Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated on March 4, 1861, a total of seven states (Texas had joined the pack) had seceded from the Union, and federal troops held only Fort Sumter in South Carolina, Fort Pickens off the Florida coast, and a handful of minor outposts in the South. Four years after the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter, the Confederacy was defeated at the total cost of 620,000 Union and Confederate soldiers dead.

Categories: Fun Stuff

Daily Puzzle - April 11

BrainBashers - Easy Sudoku - Fri, 04/11/2014 - 7:41pm
BrainBashers Daily Puzzle

Fred can eat 27 chocolates in a hour, Alice can eat 2 chocolates in 10 minutes, and Kelly can eat 7 chocolates in 20 minutes.

How long will it take them to share and eat a large box of 120 chocolates whilst watching a movie?

[Copyright: Kevin Stone]

Categories: Fun Stuff

Daily Sudoku - April 11 - Easy

BrainBashers - Easy Sudoku - Fri, 04/11/2014 - 7:41pm
BrainBashers Daily Sudoku



Complete the grid such that every row, every column, and the nine 3x3 blocks contain the digits from 1 to 9.

[Copyright: Kevin Stone]

Categories: Fun Stuff

Daily Game - April 11

BrainBashers - Easy Sudoku - Fri, 04/11/2014 - 7:41pm
BrainBashers Daily Game

Magic Vines
   Can you clear the tiles by matching 3 in a row?
[Played on the BrainBashers Games website]

Categories: Fun Stuff

Jules Renard

Quotes of the Day - Fri, 04/11/2014 - 7:00pm
"Look for the ridiculous in everything and you will find it."
Categories: Fun Stuff

Howard Dietz

Quotes of the Day - Fri, 04/11/2014 - 7:00pm
"I don't like composers who think. It gets in the way of their plagiarism."
Categories: Fun Stuff

Rita Mae Brown

Quotes of the Day - Fri, 04/11/2014 - 7:00pm
"I finally figured out the only reason to be alive is to enjoy it."
Categories: Fun Stuff

John Cage

Quotes of the Day - Fri, 04/11/2014 - 7:00pm
"I can't understand why people are frightened of new ideas. I'm frightened of the old ones."
Categories: Fun Stuff

collimate

Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day - Fri, 04/11/2014 - 1:00am

Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for April 11, 2014 is:

collimate • \KAH-luh-mayt\  • verb
: to make (something, such as light rays) parallel

Examples:
"Amazingly, some astrophysical jets—streams of charged particles collimated and accelerated over astronomical distances—also exhibit a helical structure." — From an article by Mario Livio on The Huffington Post, November 20, 2013

"The higher cost and fixed eyepieces of the … binoculars are distinct disadvantages, but setup time is reduced—there's no need to collimate optics or align tube assemblies." — From a product review by Phil Harrington in Astronomy, February 2004

Did you know?
One might expect a science-y word like "collimate" to have a straightforward etymology, but that's not the case. "Collimate" comes from Latin "collimare," a misreading of the Latin word "collineare," meaning "to direct in a straight line." The erroneous "collimare" appeared in some editions of the works of ancient Roman statesman Cicero and scholar Aulus Gellius. The error was propagated by later writers—most notably by astronomers, such as Johannes Kepler, who wrote in Latin. And so it was the spelling "collimate," rather than "collineate," that passed into English in the 19th century.

Categories: Fun Stuff

April 11, 1814: Napoleon exiled to Elba

This Day in History - Thu, 04/10/2014 - 11:00pm

On this day in 1814, Napoleon Bonaparte, emperor of France and one of the greatest military leaders in history, abdicates the throne, and, in the Treaty of Fontainebleau, is banished to the Mediterranean island of Elba.

The future emperor was born in Ajaccio, Corsica, on August 15, 1769. After attending military school, he fought during the French Revolution of 1789 and rapidly rose through the military ranks, leading French troops in a number of successful campaigns throughout Europe in the late 1700s. By 1799, he had established himself at the top of a military dictatorship. In 1804, he became emperor of France and continued to consolidate power through his military campaigns, so that by 1810 much of Europe came under his rule. Although Napoleon developed a reputation for being power-hungry and insecure, he is also credited with enacting a series of important political and social reforms that had a lasting impact on European society, including judiciary systems, constitutions, voting rights for all men and the end of feudalism. Additionally, he supported education, science and literature. His Code Napoleon, which codified key freedoms gained during the French Revolution, such as religious tolerance, remains the foundation of French civil law.

In 1812, thinking that Russia was plotting an alliance with England, Napoleon launched an invasion against the Russians that eventually ended with his troops retreating from Moscow and much of Europe uniting against him. In 1814, Napoleon's broken forces gave up and Napoleon offered to step down in favor of his son. When this offer was rejected, he abdicated and was sent to Elba. In March 1815, he escaped his island exile and returned to Paris, where he regained supporters and reclaimed his emperor title, Napoleon I, in a period known as the Hundred Days. However, in June 1815, he was defeated at the bloody Battle of Waterloo. Napoleon's defeat ultimately signaled the end of France's domination of Europe. He abdicated for a second time and was exiled to the remote island of Saint Helena, in the southern Atlantic Ocean, where he lived out the rest of his days. He died at age 52 on May 5, 1821, possibly from stomach cancer, although some theories contend he was poisoned.

Categories: Fun Stuff